advocates development of Incident Management Teams
Stakeholders, Experts Come Together
to Develop IMT Training Roadmap
The Federal Emergency Management Agency
(FEMA) today announced a training "roadmap" for the Nation's fire and emergency
services that wish to develop local and regional/metropolitan Incident
Management Teams (IMTs).
This recommendation comes in part as a
result of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between USFA, the International
Association of Fire Chiefs/National Fire Protection Association Metropolitan
Chiefs. The MOU signed in 2002 is designed to:
· Establish metropolitan
area IMT regional overhead teams based on the U.S. Forest Service (USFS)
· Develop IMT capability;
· Develop and train IMTs
to support command;
· Provide mutual aid staff
- unified command training and development; and
· Utilize the Integrated
Emergency Management System.
This IMT training roadmap, developed in
partnership with USFS, also supports Homeland Security Presidential Directive
5 (HSPD-5), which states: To prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover
from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies, the United
States Government shall establish a single, comprehensive approach to domestic
incident management. The objective of the United States Government is to
ensure that all levels of government across the Nation have the capability
to work efficiently and effectively together, using a national approach
to domestic incident management.
"The USFA Incident Management Team training
roadmap is a result, as well as the next step, of the MOU signed in early
2002 with the Metropolitan Chiefs," said R. David Paulison, U. S. Fire
Administrator. "Today's fire service leadership is faced with extremely
complex response requirements. The IMT roadmap will ensure all departments
will have the necessary incident management support they need, if they
need it to further protect their residents and cities."
The IMTs have been designed to assist local
emergency services and support unusually large, complex, or long-term emergency
incidents, when requested. An all-hazards IMT consists of emergency service
officers from appropriate disciplines (fire, rescue, emergency medical,
hazardous materials, law enforcement) trained to perform the functions
of the Command and General Staff of the Incident Command System (ICS).
These functions include Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Administration/Finance,
as well as Safety, Information, and Liaison. Members of the initial responding
departments often fill these functions; however, the size, scope, or duration
of an emergency incident may indicate the need for an IMT to support them.
The local Incident Commander can request,
through standard mutual aid procedures, an IMT to help support management
of the incident.
"The operations of IMTs are highly dependant
on the local community needs, available resources, and the level of training/experience,"
said Charlie Dickinson, Deputy United States Fire Administrator and former
chief of the Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire. "Local jurisdictions may establish,
train, and control IMTs at their respective levels. The USFA and USFS will
work together in delivering training to develop the IMTs."
USFA and USFS are also working together
in delivering specialized training to develop "Type 3" IMTs for regional
or state level incidents. Type 3 IMTs are recommended for States and large
metropolitan areas with multiple jurisdictions and mutual aid agreements
(such as the DHS Urban Area Security Initiative locales). Members of Type
3 IMTs are appointed by a state or metropolitan authority having jurisdiction,
and respond as a team to support or assist a local IMT at major incidents
that may have national implications.